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新澳门葡京娱乐场网址下载·英语现在分词和过去分词的用法,中考常考语法点,新初三生收藏

时间:2020-01-11 16:07:49 浏览量:666

新澳门葡京娱乐场网址下载·英语现在分词和过去分词的用法,中考常考语法点,新初三生收藏

新澳门葡京娱乐场网址下载,1. 现在分词作状语可以表示时间、原因、条件、结果、方式或伴随等。现在分词作状语时,现在分词的逻辑主语通常与句子的主语一致,且现在分词与句子主语之间为逻辑上的主动关系;当逻辑主语与句子的主语不一致时,现在分词应有自己的主语,此时构成独立主格结构。

2. 现在分词的一般式和完成式:

【注意】现在分词的一般式作状语时,表示分词动作正在进行或与谓语动词的动作几乎同时发生;现在分词的完成式作状语时,表示分词动作发生在谓语动词的动作之前。例如:

a. the students walked into the classroom, talking and laughing.

b. having finished his work, the man went back home.

3. 有时,为使现在分词作状语时表达的意思更加明确,可以在现在分词前加上适当的连词(when, if, though, unless, because等)。如果这些连词后的分词是being或含有being,则being常常省略。例如:

a. if paying more attention, you will make fewer mistakes.

b. when (being) alone, linda will think of the past.

过去分词作表语

过去分词作表语时,主要用在be动词或系动词之后,往往表示主语的状态或状况。例如:

a. all her hope is gone.

b. i'm satisfied with my present job.

【注意】过去分词作表语与被动语态的区别:过去分词作表语,主要强调的是主语的状态,而被动语态主要强调的是动作。例如:

a. the cup was broken.

b. the cup was broken by tom.

过去分词作定语

单个过去分词作定语,常放在被修饰词之前;过去分词短语作定语,常放在被修饰词之后,往往可以用定语从句替换。但在如下情况中,单个过去分词可用作后置定语:

1. 表示对比或强调。例如:

money spent is more than money earned.

2. 被修饰词前有形容词最高级或是all, those, one等代词时。例如:

those suspected must stay here.

过去分词作宾语补足语

过去分词作宾语补足语,一般表示被动或完成的意义。能接过去分词作宾语补足语的几种动词:

1. 表示感觉、感官、意愿的动词。如:see, watch, observe, hear, feel, want, wish等。例如:

a. when i was wandering in the street, i heard my name called.

b. i want my car washed since it looks so dirty.

2. 表示“致使”意义的动词。如:have, make, get, keep, leave等。例如:

leo managed to get his work finished before dark.

此外,在with的复合结构中也可用过去分词。例如:

with the math problem solved, the little boy went to sleep.

过去分词作状语

1. 过去分词作状语,可表示时间、原因、条件、让步、方式或伴随等。例如:

seen from the top of the mountain, the city looks more beautiful.

2. 过去分词作状语时,其逻辑主语通常与句子的主语一致,过去分词与主语之间是逻辑上的动宾关系。部分过去分词来源于系表结构,作状语时不表示被动,而表示状态。例如:

judy lay on the sofa, absorbed in her book.

3. 过去分词作状语时,有时可根据需要加上适当的连词(when, while, until, once, if, unless, though等),构成“连词 + 过去分词”结构作状语。例如:

though invited, i won't go to linda's wedding.

根据汉语意思,补全下列句子(每空一词)。

1. 花在智力上的钱永远也不会徒劳无益。

money_______on the brain is never spent in vain.

2. 汤姆站在那座被废弃的房子外,陷入沉思。

tom stood outside the______house, _____ _____ _____.

3. 那位作家突然去世了,留下那部小说还未完成。

the writer died all of a sudden, _____ ______ ______ ______.

4. 那个年轻人手被绑着被带进了大厅。

the young man was taken to the hall, with _____ ______ ______ ______.

5. 在山里迷了路,那三个男孩不得不给警察打电话。

_______ _______in the mountains, the three boys had to call the police.

6. 受那次成功的极大鼓舞,他们决定扩大经营。

______ ______ by the success, they decided to expand the business.

7. 天气允许的话,我们可以这个周末去爬黄山。

______ ______, we can go to climb the yellow mountain this weekend.

8. 乔安妮送给我的那个包上面印着一朵大红花,看起来很漂亮。

with a big red flower _______ on it, the bag joanne gave me looks very beautiful.

9. 托尼没告诉他妈妈真相,因此避免了被她责备。

______ _____ ______his mother the truth, tony escaped being blamed by her.

10. 一般说来,男孩子对这种活动的兴趣比女孩子大。

generally speaking, boys ______ ______ _____ ______ such activities than girls.

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